The origins of Romanian flm can be traced back to more than a century ago, when the flm making technology (starting with that of the Lumière brothers) had reached Romania soon after its invention. Nevertheless, the Romanian art flm debuted at the beginning of the second decade of the 20th century. For a long time, fnancial and political circumstances made flm production hard especially between 1911 and 1948, but that did not hinder artists such as Aristide Demetriade and Grigore Brezeanu from showcasing their talent through their work “The independence of Romania”in the early 1910s. Nor did it stop Jean Georgescu from rendering famous the cinematic version of I.L. Caragiale’s play, “A stormy night”, in the early 1940s.
The political situation in the country after the late 1940s impelled the art of flm to escape into fantasy or resume to subtle attacks on the regime, either approach becoming remarkable through vision. After the1989 revolution, there seems to be a distinctive surge towards a new waveof Romanian cinematography, where socio-political themes alternate withart and commercial flm (be it Western European or American in style).
In these past years Romanian flm and actors alongside directors and producers seem to better understand the public’s needs and expectations and thus they have started to deliver internationally successful productions such as Cristian Mungiu’s “Four months, three weeks and two days”, Adrian Sitaru’s “Illegitimate” or Radu Jude’s “Aferim”, all of them being highly praised at Cannes Film Festival or the Berlinale.2 / 20CREATIVE ROMANIAN FILM MAKERS